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It's possible to stream MIDI data from one computer to another without relying on a physical connection. This can be achieved by using a virtual MIDI driver to stream this data over your WLAN network.
Mac users will find this built-in virtual MIDI driver in versions later than OS X 10.4.
To enable it, please open Audio/MIDI Setup from Utilities and select "Show MIDI Window" from the "Window" menu.
Now click twice on the "Network" object to open the MIDI Network panel.
At this point, you can create a "Session", which will be seen by all machines connected to the same network. To do this, click on the "+" sign in the "My Sessions" part of the window and edit its "Local name" and its "Bonjour name".
Note that the "Bonjour name" will be the name that is visible to other computers.
Then check the "Enabled" field to enable this virtual MIDI Network driver on your network.
By enabling this Session, the Network MIDI port will appear under the MIDI Ports in Live's MIDI/Sync Preferences.
This will let you send and receive MIDI Note, MIDI Control Change and MIDI Sync messages through the network with this computer.
Please refer to our guide on how to configure the MIDI ports in Live to understand how to use the MIDI Ports settings in Live's MIDI/Sync Preferences.
Next, repeat this procedure on a second Mac computer. Once you have created a Session using the above procedure on this additional computer, select "Anyone" in the drop-down menu "Who may connect to me:".
Now select the destination Session in "Directory" in the MIDI Network Setup of one of the two machines and click "Connect".
At this point, MIDI data will be transmitted between the two computers, thus allowing them to synchronize via MIDI Sync or to send MIDI Note or MIDI Control Change messages between each other.
While Windows computers do not provide an in-built solution as standard, there is a freeware utility courtesy of Tobias Erichsen which allows the use of MIDI via network on Windows computers.
It is also Bonjour compatible, which will let you connect Macs and PCs in the same network.